Answered By: Laurie Bastien
Last Updated: Apr 09, 2015     Views: 171

What is a Secondary Source? A secondary source is considered a resource (like your textbook, for example) that contains a reference to another (primary) source (like an academic study, or published statistics).

You did not actually view the primary source, you only viewed the secondary source.

To cite a secondary source, provide the original source in the text only and the secondary source in parentheses utilizing the “as cited in” phrase. List only the secondary source in the reference list. For example,

In text:

Harman’s study shows approximately seven million automobiles were sold in China in 2006, an increase of 27% from sales in 2005 (as cited in Rogers, Z., Kelly, Rogers, D., & Carter, 2007).

In Reference List:

Rogers, Z., Kelly, T., Rogers, D., & Carter, C. (2007). Alternative fuels: Are they achievable? International Journal of Logistics: Research and Applications, 10, 269-282.

[Note: On an actual Reference page, the above citation would be double spaced and formatted with a hanging indent]

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